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Pongal kolum

Pongal Kolam Designs

There are several types of Pongal Kolam designs. There are line kolams, where there is the free hand drawing of lines to make a geometrical pattern. Pulli (dots) are arranged in a specific sequence and order & these pullis are joined to make pictorial designs. In the pulli kolam type, there is an another type of forming twisted chains by linking one loop with the next & forming wonderful designs with the basic pattern. This is called Chuzhi kolam.

Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam


Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam


Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam


Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam


Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam
Pongal Kolam


The kolam is drawn with a variety of materials such as rice powder, rice paste, marble powder, colored powders, leaves and flowers. The kolam basically consists of dots and lines that together form a meaningful design. Usually, a grid of dots numbering from 4 to 108 is used for drawing the kolam. The points are joined with straight and curved lines or else, the lines go round the points resulting in a design consisting exclusively of curved lines.

Plates, Boxes are available with the designs etched with holes provided. When this is filled with kolam powder & tapped on the ground, you have a lovely kolam. Rollers are also available. With these you can just roll it & draw the basic lines, & use your imagination to execute a kolam of your choice.

The Sankranti Rath (chariot) is a typical Pongal kolam. The ropes of the rath are supposed to be kept open till on the next day they are joined from house to house to symbolize a collective desire to realize an uninterrupted cosmic cycle. There are quite a few innovative designs such as an elephant, one with a carpet design, Pongal designs with sugarcane and overflowing pots and complex geometric patterns with messages of 'Happy Pongal', 'Welcome' and 'Thank You'.



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